31 July 2009

Core Beliefs In Buddhism


The First Noble Truth
Unsatisfactoriness and suffering exist and are universally experienced.

The Second Noble Truth
Desire and attachment are the causes of unsatisfactoriness and suffering.

The Third Noble Truth
There is an end to unsatisfactoriness and suffering.

The Fourth Noble Truth
The end can be attained by journeying on the Noble Eightfold Path.


1. Right View/Understanding
(Understanding the Four Noble Truths) - See things as they truly are without delusions or distortions for all things change. Develop wisdom by knowing how things work, knowing oneself and others.

2. Right Thinking
Decide to set a life on the correct path. Wholehearted resolution and dedication to overcoming the dislocation of self-centered craving through the development of loving kindness, empathy and compassion.

3. Right Speech
Abstinence from lies and deceptions, backbiting, idle babble and abusive speech. Cultivate honesty and truthfulness; practice speech that is kind and benevolent. Let your words reflect your desire to help, not harm others.

4.Right Conduct
(Following the Five Precepts) - Practice self-less conduct that reflects the highest statement of the life you want to live. Express conduct that is peaceful, honest and pure showing compassion for all beings.

5. Right Livelihood
Earn a living that does not harm living things. Avoidance of work that causes suffering to others or that makes a decent, virtuous life impossible. Do not engage in any occupation that opposes or distracts one from the path. Love and serve our world through your work.

6. Right Effort
Seek to make the balance between the exertion of following the spiritual path and a moderate life that is not over-zealous. Work to develop more wholesome mind states, while gently striving to go deeper and live more fully.

7. Right Mindfulness
Become intensely aware of all the states in body, feeling, and mind. Through constant vigilance in thought, speech and action seek to rid the mind of self-centered thoughts that separate and replace them with those that bind all beings together. Be aware of your thoughts, emotions, body and world as they exist in the present moment. Your thoughts create your reality.

8. Right Concentration
Deep meditation to lead to a higher state of consciousness (enlightenment)
. Through the application of meditation and mental discipline seek to extinguish the last flame of grasping consciousness and develop an emptiness that has room to embrace and love all things.


1. I undertake the precept to refrain from destroying living creatures.

2. I undertake the precept to refrain from taking that which is not given.

3. I undertake the precept to refrain from sexual misconduct.

4. I undertake the precept to refrain from incorrect speech.

5. I undertake the precept to refrain from intoxicatants.

30 July 2009

Meditation is Non-doing

Meditation is Non-doing

When people come to me and they ask, "How to meditate?" I tell them, "There is no need to ask how to meditate, just ask how to remain unoccupied. Meditation happens spontaneously. Just ask how to remain unoccupied, that's all. That's the whole trick of meditation - how to remain unoccupied. Then you cannot do anything. The meditation will flower.

When you are not doing anything the energy moves towards the centre, it settles down towards the centre. When you are doing something the energy moves out. Doing is a way of moving out. Non-doing is a way of moving in. Occupation is an escape. You can read the Bible, you can make it an occupation. There is no difference between religious occupation and secular occupation: all occupations are occupations, and they help you to cling outside your being. They are excuses to remain outside.

Man is ignorant and blind, and he wants to remain ignorant and blind, because to come inwards looks like entering a chaos. And it is so; inside you have created a chaos. You have to encounter it and go through it. Courage is needed - courage to be oneself, and courage to move inwards. I have not come across a greater courage than that - the courage to be meditative.

But people who are engaged outside - with worldly things or nonworldly things, but occupied all the same, they think ....and they have created a rumor around it, they have their own philosophers. They say that if you are introvert you are somehow morbid, something is wrong with you. And they are in the majority. If you meditate, if you sit silently, they will joke about you: "What are you doing? - Gazing at your navel? What are you doing? - Opening the third eye? Where are you going? Are you morbid? Because what is there to do inside? There is nothing inside."

Inside doesn't exist for the majority of people, only the outside exists. And just the opposite is the case - only inside is real; outside is nothing but a dream. But they call introverts morbid, they call meditators morbid. In the West they think that the East is little morbid. What is the point of sitting alone and looking inwards? What are you going to get there? There is nothing.

David Hume, one of the great British philosophers, tried once... because he was studying the Upanishads and they go on saying: Go in, go in, go in - that is their only message. So he tried it. He closed his eyes one day - a totally secular man, very logical, empirical, but not meditative at all - he closed his eyes and he said, "It is so boring! It is a boredom to look in. Thoughts move, sometimes a few emotions, and they go on racing in the mind, and you go on looking at them - what is the point of it? It is useless. It has no utility."

And this is the understanding of many people. Hume's standpoint is that of the majority: What are going to get inside? There is darkness, thoughts floating here and there. What will you do? What will come out of it? If Hume had waited a little longer - and that is difficult for such people - if he had been a little more patient, by and by thought disappear, emotions subside. But if it had happened to him he would have said, "That is even worse, because emptiness comes. At least first there were thoughts, something to be occupied with, to look at, to think about. Now even thoughts have disappeared; only emptiness....What to do with emptiness? It is absolutely useless."

But if he had waited a little more, then darkness also disappears. It is just like when you come from the hot sun and you enter your house: everything looks dark because your eyes need a little attunement. They are fixed on the hot sun outside; comparatively, your house looks dark. You cannot see, you feel as if it is night. But you wait, you sit, you rest in a chair, and after few seconds the eyes get attuned. Now it is not dark, a little more light........

You rest for an hour, and everything is light, there is no darkness at all.

If Hume had waited a little longer, then darkness also disappears. Because you have lived in the hot sun outside for many lives your eyes have become fixed, they have lost flexibility. They need tuning. When one comes inside the house it takes a little while, a little time, a patience. Don't be in a hurry.

In haste nobody can come to know himself. It is a very very deep awaiting. Infinite patience is needed. By and by darkness disappears. There comes a light with no source there is no flame in it, no lamp is burning, no sun is there. A light, just like it is morning: the night has disappeared, and the sun has not risen.... Or in the evening - the twilight, when the sun has set and night has not yet descended. That's why Hindus call their prayer time sandhya. Sandhya means twilight, light without any source.

When you move inwards you will come to the light without any source. In that light, for the first time you start understanding yourself, who you are, because you are that light. You are that twilight, that sandhya, that pure clarity, that perception, where the observer and the observed disappear, and only the light remains.

Osho - from the book What is Meditation?


The following excerpts are taken from the book the Dhammapada translated by Juan Mascaro published by Penguin Books


What we are today comes from our thoughts of yesterday, and our present thoughts build our life of tomorrow: our life is the creation of our mind.
- If a man speaks or acts with an impure mind, suffering will follow him as the wheel of the cart follows the beast that draws the cart.
- If a man speaks or acts with a pure mind, joy follows him as his own shadow.

Many do not know that we are here in this world to live in harmony. Those who know this do not fight against each other.

If a man speaks many holy words but he speaks and does not, this thoughtless man cannot enjoy the life of holiness: he is like a cowherd who counts the cows of his master.

Whereas if a man speaks but a few holy words and yet he lives the life of those words, free from passion and hate and illusion - with right vision and a mind free, craving for nothing both now and hereafter - the life of this man is a life of holiness.


Watchfulness is the path of immortality:
unwatchfulness is the path of death.
Those who are watchful never die: those who do not watch are already as dead.

Those who with a clear mind have seen this truth, (watchfullness is the path of immortality) those who are wise and ever watchful, they feel the joy of watchfulness, the joy of the path of the Great.

And those who in high thought and in deep contemplation with ever-living power advance on the path, they in the end reach NIRVANA, the peace supreme and infinite joy.

Men who are foolish and ignorant are careless and never watchful; but the man who lives in watchfulness considers it his great treasure.


The mind is wavering and restless, difficult to guard and restrain: let the wise man straighten his mind as a maker of arrows makes his arrows straight.

Invisible and subtle is the mind, and it flies after fancies wherever it likes; but let the wise man guard well his mind, for a mind well guarded is a source of great joy.

Hidden in the mystery of consciousness, the mind, incorporeal, flies alone far away. Those who set their mind in harmony become free from the bonds of death.

He whose mind is unsteady, who knows not the path of Truth, whose faith and peace are ever wavering, he shall never reach fullness of wisdom.

But he whose mind in calm self-control is free from the lust of desires, who has risen above good and evil, he is awake and has no fear.


As the bee takes the essence of a flower and flies away without destroying its beauty and perfume, so let the sage wander in this life.

Think not of the faults of others, of what they have done or not done.
Think of your own sins, of the things you have done or not done.

And just like a beautiful flower which has colour and also has perfume are the beautiful fruitful words of the man who speaks and does what he says.

The perfume of flowers goes not against the wind, not even the perfume of sandalwood, of rose-bay, or of jasmine; but the perfume of virtue travels against the wind and reaches unto the ends of the world.


How long is the night to the watchman; how long is the road to the weary; how long is the wandering of lives ending in death for the fool who cannot find the path!

If on the great journey of life a man cannot find one who is better or at least as good as himself, let him joyfully travel alone: a fool cannot help him on his journey.

A fool may fast month after month eating his food with the sharp point of a blade of kusa grass, and his worth be not a sixteenth part of that of the wise man whose thoughts feed on truth.

But one is the path of earthly wealth, and another is the path of NIRVANA.
Let the follower of Buddha think of this and, without striving for reputation, let him ever strive after freedom.


Have not for friends those whose soul is ugly; go not with men who have an evil soul.
Have for friends those whose soul is beautiful; go with men whose soul is good.

Even as a great rock is not shaken by the wind, the wise man is not shaken by praise or by blame.

Leaving behind the path of darkness and following the path of light, let the wise man leave his home life and go into a life of freedom.
In solitude that few enjoy, let him find his joy supreme: free from possessions, free from desires, and free from whatever may darken his mind.

For he whose mind is well trained in the ways that lead to light, who surrenders the bondage of attachments and find joy in his freedom from bondage, who free from the darkness of passions shines pure in a radiance of light, even in this mortal life he enjoys the immortal NIRVANA.


The traveller has reached the end of the journey!
In the freedom of the Infinite he is free from all sorrows, the fetters that bound him are thrown away, and the burning fever of life is no more.

Those who have high thoughts are ever striving: they are not happy to remain in the same place. Like swans that leave lake and rise into the air, they leave their home for a higher home.

The man who wisely controls his senses as a good driver controls his horses, and who is free from lower passions and pride, is admired even by the gods.

He is calm like the earth that endures; he is steady like a column that is firm; he is pure like a lake that is clear; he is free from Samsara, the ever-returning life-in-death.

In the light of his vision he has found his freedom: his thoughts are peace, his words are peace and his work is peace.

Wherever holy men dwell, that is indeed a place of joy - be it in the village, or in a forest, or in a valley or on the hills.

They make delightful the forests where other people could not dwell. Because they have not the burden of desires, they have that joy which others find not.


If a man should conquer in battle a thousand and a thousand more, and another man should conquer himself, his would be the greater victory, because the greatest of victories is the victory over oneself; and neither the gods in heaven above nor the demons down below can turn into defeat the victory of such a man.

Better than a hundred years lived in ignorance, without contemplation, is one single day of life lived in wisdom and in deep contemplation.

Better than a hundred years not seeing one's own immortality is one single day of life if one sees one's own immortality.

Better than a hundred years not seeing the Path supreme is one single day of life if one sees the Path supreme.


Make haste and do what is good; keep your mind away from evil.
If a man is slow in doing good, his mind finds pleasure in evil.

A man may find pleasure in evil as long as his evil has not given fruit; but when the fruit of evil comes then that man finds evil indeed.

A man may find pain in doing good as long as his good has not given fruit; but when the fruit of good comes then that man finds good indeed.

The fool who does evil to a man who is good, to a man who is pure and fee from sin, the evil returns to him like the dust thrown against the wind.

The fool who does evil to a man who is good, to a man who is pure and fee from sin, the evil returns to him like the dust thrown against the wind.

Neither in the sky, nor deep in the ocean, nor in a mountain-cave, nor anywhere, can a man be free from the evil he has done.

Neither in the sky, nor deep in the ocean, nor in a mountain-cave, nor anywhere, can a man be free from the power of death.

10 - LIFE

He who for the sake of happiness hurts others who also want happiness, shall not hereafter find happiness.

He who for the sake of happiness does not hurt others who also want happiness, shall hereafter find happiness.

If you can be in silent quietness like a broken gong that is silent, you have reached the peace of NIRVANA and your anger is peace.

Neither nakedness, nor entangled hair, nor uncleanliness, nor fasting, nor sleeping on the ground, nor covering the body with ashes, nor ever-squatting, can purify a man who is not pure from doubts and desires.


If a man tries not to learn he grows old just like an ox!
His body indeed grows old but his wisdom does not grow.

I have gone round in vain the cycles of many lives ever striving to find the builder of the house of life and death.
How great is the sorrow of life that must die!
But now I have seen thee, housebuilder: never more shalt thou built this house.
The rafters of sins are broken, the ridge-pole of ignorance is destroyed.
The fever of craving is past: for my mortal mind is gone to the joy of the immortal NIRVANA.


Only a man himself can be the master of himself: who else from outside could be his master? When the Master and servant are one, then there is true help and self-possession.

By oneself the evil is done, and it is oneself who suffers: by oneself the evil is not done, and by one's self one becomes pure. The pure and the impure come from oneself: no man can purify another.


Arise ! Watch. Walk on the right path. He who follows the right path has joy in this world and in the world beyond.

He who in early days was unwise but later found wisdom, he sheds a light over the world like that of the moon when free from clouds.

Better than power over all the earth, better than going to heaven and better than dominion over the world is the joy of the man who enters the river of life that leads to NIRVANA.


By what earthly path could you entice the Buddha who, enjoying all, can wander through the pathless ways of the Infinite? - the Buddha who is awake, whose victory cannot be turned into defeat, and whom no one can conquer?

Since a shower of golden coins could not satisfy craving desires and the end of all pleasure is pain, how could a wise man find satisfaction even in the pleasures of the gods? When desires go, joy comes: the follower of Buddha finds this truth.

Happy is the birth of a Buddha, happy is the teaching of DHAMMA, happy is the harmony of his followers, happy is the life of those who live in harmony.

Who could measure the excellence of the man who pays reverence to those worthy of reverence, a Buddha or his disciples, who have left evil behind and have crossed the river of sorrow, who, free from all fear, are in the glory of NIRVANA?

15 - JOY

O let us live in joy, in love amongst those who hate!
Among men who hate, let us live in love.

O let us live in joy, although having nothing!
In joy let us live like spirits of light!

Health is the greatest possession. Contentment is the greatest treasure. Confidence is the greatest friend. NIRVANA is the greatest joy.

When a man knows the solitude of silence, and feels the joy of quietness, he is then free from fear and sin and he feels the joy the the DHAMMA.


He who does what should not be done and fails to do what should be done, who forgets the true aim of life and sinks into transients pleasures - he will one day envy the man who lives in high contemplation.

And the man whose mind, filled with determination, is longing for the infinite NIRVANA, and who is free from sensuous pleasures, is called uddham-soto, 'he who goes upstream', for against the current of passions and worldly life he is bound for the joy of the Infinite.


Forsake anger, give up pride. Sorrow cannot touch the man who is not in the bondage of anything, who owns nothing.

He who can control his rising anger as a coachman controls his carriage at full speed, this man I call a good driver: others merely hold the reins.

Watch for anger of words: let your words be self-controlled. Hurt not with words, but use your words well.

There are men steady and wise whose body, words and mind are self-controlled. They are the men of supreme self-control.


Yellow leaves hang on your tree of life.
The messengers of death are waiting.
You are going to travel far away.
Have you any provisions for the journey?

Make an island for yourself. Hasten and strive. Be wise. With the dust of impurities blown off, and free from sinful passions, you will come unto the glorious land of the great.

You are at the end of your life. You are going to meet Death.
There is no resting-place on your way,
and you have no provision for the journey.

Make therefore an island for yourself. Hasten and strive. Be wise.
With the dust of impurities blown off, and free from sinful passions, you will be free from birth that must die, you will be free from old age that ends in death.

There is no path in the sky and a monk must find the inner path.
All things indeed pass away, but the Buddhas are for ever in Eternity.


A man is not on the path of righteousness if he settles matters in aviolent haste.
A wise man calmly considers what is right and what is wrong, and faces different opinions with truth, non-violence and peace.
This man is guarded by truth and is a guardian of truth. He is righteous and he is wise.


The best of the paths is the path of eight.
The best of truths, the four sayings.
The best of states, freedom from passions.
The best of men, the one who sees.

It is you who must make the effort. The Great of the past only show the way. Those who think and follow the path become free from the bondage of MARA.

Neither father, sons nor one's relations can stop the King of Death. When he comes with all his power, a man's relations cannot save him.

A man who is virtuous and wise understands the meaning of this, and swiftly strives with all his might to clear a path to NIRVANA


If by forsaking a small pleasure one finds a great joy, he who is wise will look to the greater and leave what is less.

He who seeks happiness for himself by making others unhappy is bound in the chains of hate and from those he cannot be free.

He who can be alone and rest alone and is never weary of his great work, he can live in joy, when master of himself, by the edge of the forest of desires.


Leave the past behind; leave the future behind; leave the present behind. Thou art then ready to go to the other shore. Never more shalt thou return to a life that ends in death.

The man who is disturbed by wrong thoughts, whose selfish passions are strong and who only seeks sensuous pleasures, increases his craving desires and makes stronger the chains he forges for himself.

Bu he who enjoys peaceful thoughts, who considers the sorrows of pleasure, and who ever remembers the light of his life - he will see the end of his cravings, he will break the chains of death.

The gift of Truth conquers all gifts. The taste of Truth conquers all sweetness. The joy of Truth conquers all pleasures. The loss of desires conquers all sorrows.


The man whose hands are controlled, whose feet are controlled, whose words are controlled, who is self-controlled in all things, who finds the inner joy, whose mind is self-possessed, who is one and has found perfect peace - this man I call a monk.

He who has not wisdom has not contemplation, and he who has not contemplation has not wisdom; but he who has wisdom and contemplation, he is very near NIRVANA.

In a fullness of delight and of faith in the teaching of Buddha, the mendicant monk finds peace supreme and, beyond the transience of time, he will find the joy of Eternity, the joy supreme of NIRVANA.

18 July 2009

Answer To Viji

Dear Viji,

I am touched by your warm note and appreciate your kind gesture. Your comments have flattered my pride. I accept your invitation to participate in the following questions and answers.

You are right...I usually refrain writing because there is already an ocean of thoughts, poetry, essays, biography, autobiography, novels, journals, letters, and spiritual reflections shared by great writers, philosophers and thinkers. My inner emotions, thoughts, imaginations and perceptions are already vividly manifested and mirrored in these literatures and hence adding few intellectuals’ words would be absolutely insignificant contribution in this ocean.

My goal of tranquil wisdom and spiritual journey emerges from the silent world, the eternal spaces. This silence cannot be compromised, as there is nothing to question and nothing to reject to enjoy this wonderful moment of insight.

Nevertheless, I am happy to answers your questions as under:

1. How did you get this name? Do you like your name?
My grandmother named me and I am very happy with my name.

2. When was the last time you cried?
When my son left our home to pursue his studies in boarding school at Bangalore.

3. Do you like your handwriting?
No. Computers have degenerated my skill long back.

4. Favorite lunch?
I am vegetarian and love Indian cuisine. Idly, dosa and curd rice with pickles are my weakness.

5. If you were someone else, will you be friend with you?
It all depends…who am I as someone else!!!

6. Do like to take a dip in the river/ocean?
No. I am scared, as I can’t swim.

7. What do you observe when you first see a person?
Facial Expressions and body language.

8. What is that you like/dislike in your spouse?
I like her Great integrity as Wife, Mother and worthy human being.
I dislike her obsession for healthy food.

9. Whose absence you miss, most?
Buddha, J.Krishnamurti, OSHO and my Father

10. What are you wearing when you write this?
Bermudas and T shirt

11. What are you watching/ listening now?
Mohammad Rafi

12. If you were to change into a colorful pen (ink), which color would you choose?

14. Which fragrance you like?
Lavender and Eau de cologne

15. What are the qualities, you like in the bloggers you are going to invite?
Friendly, unnoticed, undiscovered human being proposes a meaningful approach to the life.

16. What is that you like in the blogger who has sent you this?
Most perfect spirit with self. Harmony, truth, order, beauty and excellence give me joy of divine friendship with wonderful friend like you.

17. Favourite sport?
I am not into any sports.

18. Do you wear spectacles?

19. What kind of movie you like?
Off Beat, Comedy and Action.....James Bond

20. Last Movie?
“Children Of Heaven” by Majid Majidi

21. Favourite Season?
Winter….I love Mountains with Snow

22. Which book are you reading?
“Life Without Centre” by Jeff Foster

23. How often you change the picture in your desktop?
Often. I am avid photographer by hobby.

24. The noise you like/ dislike?
I am allergic to any loud noise.

25. Farthest distance you have travelled from home?
Mumbai to Vancouver

26. What is unique about you?
My confidence and extolling approach towards LIFE

27. What is that you cannot accept?
Our wild ignorance and inconsistencies in response to the ecological crisis

28. The devil in you?
Always think that Saturday is too far

29. What is your favorite vacation spot?
My weekend house

30. What do want to be?
Without becoming mystics, I could become more closely acquainted with my inner life and able to awaken the Buddha within.

31. What is that you want to do, without the knowledge of your spouse?
Like to eat French Fries with lots of ketchup….

32. One liner on life?
To know what we are, we must first investigate and know what we are not. We are responsible only for what we can change. All we can change is our attitude towards LIFE.

13 July 2009

This whole process is meditation...

To be aware is to watch your bodily activity, the way you walk, the way you sit, the movements of your hands:

it is to hear the words you use, to observe all your thoughts, all your emotions, all your reactions. It includes awareness of the unconscious,with its traditions, its instinctual knowledge, and the immense sorrow it has accumulated—not only personal sorrow,but the sorrow of man. You have to be aware of all that; and you cannot be aware of it if you are merely judging,evaluating, saying, "This is good and that is bad, this I will keep and that I will reject," all of which only makes the mind dull, insensitive.

From awareness comes attention. Attention flows from awareness when in that awareness there is no choice,no personal choosing, no experiencing... but merely observing. And, to observe, you must have in the mind a great deal of space. A mind that is caught in ambition, greed, envy, in the pursuit of pleasure and self-fulfillment, with its inevitable sorrow, pain, despair, anguish—such a mind has no space in which to observe, to attend. It is crowded with its own desires, going round and round in its own backwaters of reaction. You cannot attend if your mind is not highly sensitive, sharp, reasonable, logical, sane, healthy,without the slightest shadow of neuroticism.

The mind has to explore every corner of itself, leaving no spot uncovered, because if there is a single dark corner of one's mind which one is afraid to explore, from that springs illusion...

It is only in the state of attention that you can be a light unto yourself, and then every action of your daily life springs from that light— every action—whether you are doing your job, cooking, going for a walk, mending clothes, or what you will. This whole process is meditation...

J. Krishnamurti